The first porcelain factory in France began production in 1771 in the Limousin region, about 250 miles southwest of Paris. By the 19th century, there were approximately 32 porcelain production factories and 62 decorating studios. By the 1920s, there were more than 48 factories and 400-plus known factory marks identifying pieces of Limoges porcelain, including Tresse-mann and Vogt (T&V), William Guerin (W.G. & Co.), Jean Pouyat (J.P.L.), and Haviland.

Limoges has ultimately become the generic name for all of the porcelain produced in the factories in this region. Each factory used a unique factory back stamp or underglaze mark. Each piece of Limoges was produced using the same formula of feldspar, kaolin and quartz. Also, each piece was subjected to the same intense firing process of about 900 degrees for 16 hours, followed by the glazing process, and yet another firing at approximately 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit for eight more hours.


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