Clocks as we know them today, with dials indicating the hour and minute of the corresponding time, originated in medieval Europe and were predominantly installed in churches and town halls. It wasn’t until the 19th and 20th centuries that clocks evolved at an exceedingly swift rate, resulting in greater accuracy, more refined designs, and more frequent appearances in people’s homes. Wall clocks, which were first made during the 16th and 17th centuries, are among the earliest styles of clocks designed for display within the home. Mantel clocks were first made in France and were typically placed above the fireplace alongside vases or sculptural figurines. Cuckoo clocks were first made during the 18th century in the Black Forest region of southwestern Germany, although they also have a long history in Switzerland and Austria. Grandfather clocks also called long-case, tall-case clocks, and floor clocks, grandfather clocks are freestanding, weight-driven pendulum clocks, often outfitted with elaborate ornamentation, especially on the hood of the case.